Surgery is performed to remove a woman’s womb (uterus) and sometimes, the cervix. The uterus is a hollow muscular organ that nourishes the developing baby during pregnancy.
- Source: NIH – National Cancer Institute
You may have all or part of the uterus removed during a hysterectomy. The fallopian tubes and ovaries may also be removed.
There are many different ways to perform a hysterectomy. It may be done through:
- A surgical cut in the belly (called open or abdominal)
- 3 to 4 small surgical cuts in the belly and then using a laparoscope
- A surgical cut in the vagina, and using a laparoscope
- 3 to 4 small surgical cuts in the belly, in order to perform robotic surgery
Source: US NIH
Mayo Presents Surgical Options for Hysterectomy
Female Reproductive System
The organs of the female reproductive system produce and sustain the female sex cells (egg cells or ova), transport these cells to a site where they may be fertilized by sperm, provide a favorable environment for the developing fetus, move the fetus to the outside at the end of the development period, and produce the female sex hormones. The female reproductive system includes the ovaries, Fallopian tubes, uterus, vagina, accessory glands, and external genital organs.
- Expanding Patient Options: Minilaparotomy for Hysterectomy (VIDEO) Highland Park Hospital, Highland Park, IL, and Diablo Woman Medical Group, Concord, CA, 5/26/2010
- Scarless Hysterectomy (VIDEO) – Baptist Hospital, Miami, FL, 10/17/2013
Last Updated: 2016-03-09