Contraceptive Medical Device: Essure Problems

Permanent Birth Control


Surgery is performed to remove a woman’s womb (uterus) and sometimes, the cervix. The uterus is a hollow muscular organ that nourishes the developing baby during pregnancy.

When the uterus and the cervix are removed, it is called a total hysterectomy. When only the uterus is removed, it is called a partial hysterectomy.

  • Source: NIH – National Cancer Institute

You may have all or part of the uterus removed during a hysterectomy. The fallopian tubes and ovaries may also be removed.

There are many different ways to perform a hysterectomy. It may be done through:

  • A surgical cut in the belly (called open or abdominal)
  • 3 to 4 small surgical cuts in the belly and then using a laparoscope
  • A surgical cut in the vagina, and using a laparoscope
  • 3 to 4 small surgical cuts in the belly, in order to perform robotic surgery

Source: US NIH

Mayo Presents Surgical Options for Hysterectomy

Female Reproductive System


The organs of the female reproductive system produce and sustain the female sex cells (egg cells or ova), transport these cells to a site where they may be fertilized by sperm, provide a favorable environment for the developing fetus, move the fetus to the outside at the end of the development period, and produce the female sex hormones. The female reproductive system includes the ovaries, Fallopian tubes, uterus, vagina, accessory glands, and external genital organs.

Other Options

Last Updated: 2016-03-09

Understanding Essure Problems and Hysterectomy
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